Gum Disease and Periodontal Disease, What Is It?

Periodontal Disease is a condition in which the gum tissues and jaw bone that support the teeth are damaged, typically due to infection. Did you know that there’s not just one type of periodontal disease, but many dozens? Many can be treated with nonsurgical gum treatments.  The four most common types include the following:


A bacterial infection which results in swelling, redness and bleeding of the gum tissues. Gingivitis is often the first stage of gum disease.

Chronic Periodontitis

A condition in which an infection of the gums has spread to the jawbones surrounding the teeth.

Gingival Recession

A condition in which the gums recede from the tooth and expose the root surface. This can occur in patients of any age.

Aggressive Periodontitis

A condition in which moderate to severe bone loss is found. Left untreated, this disease may cause tooth loss at early ages, typically before the age of 35.

Periodontitis is the leading cause of tooth loss in adults?

According to the American Academy of Periodontology, 47% of the adults in the United States have some type of periodontitis. Unlike gingivitis, periodontitis results in the loss of jawbone that supports teeth and is typically not reversible.

However, early detection and treatment significantly improves the chances of saving a patient’s teeth. Modern diagnostic equipment and advanced procedures can restore a patient’s mouth to optimal health, while saving teeth!